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Establish a Subsidiary in Netherlands

Establish a Subsidiary in Netherlands

subsidiary in the Netherlands is a regular Dutch company with full legal personality, characterized by the fact that its share capital is fully or partially owned by a foreign company. This distinction is very useful in opposition to a Dutch branch which is an entity much more linked to the foreign parent company.

 Quick Facts  
  Applicable legislation (home country/foreign country)

Foreign country

Best used for

Various types of activities (trading, commerce, IT, services, etc.)

Minimum share capital

EUR45,000 when created as a public company
Time frame for the incorporation (approx.) 

3 – 4  weeks

Management (local/foreign)

Local or foreign

Legal representative required 


Local bank account


Independence from the parent company Fully independent legal entity
Liability of the parent company No liability of the parent company on the subsidiary's obligations
Corporate tax rate

– 15% (for the first EUR245,000),

– EUR36,750 + 25% for amounts of more than EUR245,000

Possibility of hiring local staff Yes

The foreign company abroad is able to control its Dutch subsidiary but, unlike in the case of the branch, it is not fully liable for its actions, debts, and liabilities in the country. The subsidiary is not limited to performing the same business activities as the parent company, it may register with the relevant authorities to perform more business activities in the country if needed. This, combined with the lack of liability for the foreign company are two of the most important advantages of the subsidiary

When establishing a subsidiary in the Netherlands, the founders may choose between two most common forms: the private limited liability companies and the public limited liability companies.

The legal forms of subsidiaries in the Netherlands

The private limited company (the Dutch BV) is a form of business adopted especially by smaller and medium businesses. No mandatory minimum share capital is required by law to incorporate a subsidiary in the Netherlands in the form of a BV company. This company can be incorporated with as little as 1 Euro. The share capital must be divided into registered shares, which are non-transferable. The liability of the shareholders is limited by their contribution to the company’s capital and the management of the Dutch type of business is assured by at least one director. There are many methods on how to establish a BV company, methods that ensure the privacy of shareholders and directors, tax minimization, holding structures designed for international businesses and BV companies owned by other special structures such as Dutch Foundations.

An entrepreneur can also establish a subsidiary in the Netherlands in the form of a public limited company (NV company), which is formed with a minimum share capital of 45.000 EUR, divided into registered and bearer shares. This type of business can issue a certificate of shares for bearer shares, unlike the private limited liability company. The shares may be also transferable to the public. The liability of the shareholders is also limited by capital injected into the company. Unlike the private one, the public limited liability company can be listed on the Stock Exchange.

After establishing a subsidiary in the Netherlands, the management must be assured by at least two managers from a board of management. A supervisory body may also be appointed in order to check the management’s activities. Large corporations, usually the NV, will have more demanding requirements for annual accounting, reporting, and auditing. 

We have also created a scheme with the procedure of opening a Dutch subsidiary:


The registration procedure of a subsidiary in the Netherlands in 2024

subsidiary in the Netherlands is registered by taking the first action of opening a bank account where the initial capital is deposited and a certificate of deposit is issued.

The founders must also make sure that the chosen name is unique and before registration, it must be checked at the Chamber of Commerce. A confirmation regarding the validity of the name is received through email and according to that answer, the subsidiary may start the registration process.

A “declaration of non-objection” from the Ministry of Justice must be obtained prior to registration at the Chamber of Commerce, in order to establish a subsidiary in the Netherlands. The investor must submit an application for obtaining a declaration of non-objection and he must also pay the required fees.

The articles of association, the application for establishing a subsidiary in the Netherlands, and the foundation deeds must be notarized. The documentation mentioned above must then be submitted to the Chamber of Commerce, along with the certificate of deposit and the “declaration of non-objection”.

The procedure of setting up a subsidiary in the Netherlands in 2024 can be explained by our specialists. If you are interested in opening a company in another region, such as Dubai, we can put you in touch with our local partners. More information is available at companyincorporationdubai.com, a reliable online resource.

Documents needed to open a subsidiary in the Netherlands

The following documents are required for registering a subsidiary in the Netherlands:

  • information about the parent company, which must include the address in the foreign country;
  • an extract issued by the Trade Register in the parent company’s country confirming the existence of foreign business;
  • the articles of association of the subsidiary which must be notarized by a Dutch public notary;
  • a declaration through which a local representative is assigned to the subsidiary;
  • the above-mentioned declaration of no objection issued by the Dutch Ministry of Justice.

We can help you with the incorporation procedure of a subsidiary company in the Netherlands in 2024.

Subsidiary taxation in the Netherlands 

As long as a subsidiary is registered in the Netherlands it is considered a resident company and it must pay the same corporate taxes as any other Dutch company. For this purpose, registration with the tax authorities is mandatory. At the same time, registration at the social security authorities must be performed when hiring employees in the Netherlands.

The Dutch corporate income tax is 25.8%. Resident companies are taxed on their worldwide income. Because the Netherlands is a member of the European Union, the EU Parent-Subsidiary Directive applies to subsidiaries of foreign companies incorporated here. This directive, together with the double tax treaties signed between the Netherlands and other countries provide important tax benefits and tax relief.  

Other corporate taxes in the Netherlands include the real property tax, the social security contribution, and a transfer tax. The tax year is usually the same as the calendar year and Dutch subsidiaries must observe the accounting and reporting principles. Failure to comply with the existing filing requirements results in penalties and fines.

The Dutch business registration procedure for a subsidiary in the Netherlands is straightforward and lasts for about eight working days.

You can also watch our video on how to open a Dutch subsidiary:

Why open a subsidiary in the Netherlands in 2024?

Foreign companies seeking to set up a business presence in the Netherlands should choose the subsidiary because:

  1. it can take the form of the most popular business entity in this country: the limited liability company;
  2. from a taxation point of view, the subsidiary is a tax resident and can benefit from many advantages, such as tax deductions and exemptions;
  3. it is not bound to the parent company and can undertake different activities suited to the Dutch market;
  4. the registration process is quite fast and simple (it can take up to 5 days to be completed);
  5. it does not require a minimum share capital if it is registered as a private limited liability company.

Foreign company owners who want to open companies in the Netherlands in 2024 can direct their attention to subsidiaries if they want to create fully independent businesses. This way, they will be able to adapt their goods or services to the Dutch market in order to increase their revenues.

After a hard year, the economy of the Netherlands is expected to start its recovery in 2024, thus setting up a subsidiary here can represent a good option for those who have postponed their plans.

Projections for the Dutch economy

The Dutch economy is predicted to expand by a moderate 0.7% in 2024 after experiencing a 0.2% economic stagnation in 2023, according to ING banking institution. However, it is anticipated that government spending will account for the majority of economic growth in 2024. Public spending is increased via policy actions and demography. It is anticipated that Dutch companies will have only a small growth in exports during the slowdown of the global economy. Investment is declining due to lower demand projections and higher financing costs. Therefore, even though the recession is over, the growth rate in the upcoming years is predicted to stay below the nation’s long-term potential.

Should you need guidance in setting up a Dutch company, our specialists can assist you.

You can find out more about the procedure of opening a company in the Netherlands by contacting our Dutch agents who offer  company formation and related services. We can also help you open a foundation (stichting) in the Netherlands.